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Oral Histories

Oral History Collection

 

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The following Oral Histories have been placed on the LBJ Web Server and are available for downloading. The files are provided in Adobe Acrobat format.  In order to read these files you should download a free copy of the Adobe Acrobat Reader for your computer.  Oral History transcripts are also available from the Library through the mail.

A-B | C-F | G-L | M-P | R-T | U-Z

A-B

 

ABELL, BESS. Assistant to Mrs. Johnson, Vice Presidential period, 1961-1963; Mrs. Johnson's Social Secretary, 1963-1969.

ABRAM, MORRIS. Co-Chairman, Planning Session, White House Conference "To Fulfill These Rights," 1965; U.S. Representative, U.N. Commission on Human Rights, 1965-1968; Member, National Advisory Council on Economic Opportunity, 1967-68; President, Field Foundation, 1965-82; President, Brandeis University, 1968-1970; Chairman, United Negro College Fund, 1970-79.

AIKEN, GEORGE D. U.S. Senator, Vermont, 1941-1975.

ALBERT, CARL B. U.S. Congressman, Oklahoma, 1947-1977; House Majority Whip, 1955-1962; House Majority Leader, 1962-1971; Speaker of the House, 1971-1977.

ALBRIGHT, JACK. United States Army; Commanding Officer, White House Communications Agency, 1965-1969.

ALSOP, STEWART. Columnist; Washington, D.C. Editor, Saturday Evening Post, 1962-1968; Columnist, Newsweek, 1968-1974.

BALL, GEORGE W. Undersecretary of State, 1961-1966.

BAYH, BIRCH. U.S. Senator from Indiana. 1963-81.

BENTSEN, LLOYD M. U.S. Congressman, Texas, 1948-1955; Texas businessman, 1955-1971; U.S. Senate, Texas, 1971-1993; Democratic candidate for Vice President of the United States, 1988; Secretary of the Treasury, 1993-1994.

BOGGS, HALE. U.S. Congressman, Louisiana, 1941-1942, 1947-1972; Majority Whip, U. S. House of Representatives, 1962-1971; Vice Chairman, Democratic National Committee, 1956-72; Member, President's Commission on the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy, 1963-1964.

BRAESTRUP, PETER. Journalist; Time magazine 1953-1957; New York Herald-Tribune, 1957-1959; Nieman Fellow at Harvard University 1959-1960; New York Times, 1960-1968; Saigon bureau chief, Washington Post, 1968-1973; Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 1973-1989; founded the Wilson Quarterly, 1976; Senior Editor and Director of Communications, Library of Congress, 1989-1997.

BUNDY, McGEORGE. Special Assistant for National Security Affairs, 1961-1966.

BUNKER, ELLSWORTH. Ambassador to the Organization of American States, 1964-1966; Ambassador-at-Large, 1964-1967; Ambassador to South Vietnam, 1967-1973.

BUSBY, HORACE. Staff, Lyndon B. Johnson's House and Senate Offices, 1948-1950; Staff, U.S. Senate Armed Services Preparedness Subcommittee, 1950-1953; Consultant, U.S. Senate Armed Services Preparedness Subcommittee, 1957-58; Advisor to the Vice President, 1961-1963; Special Assistant to the President and Secretary of the Cabinet, 1963-1965.

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C-F

 

CAIN, JAMES C. President Johnson's personal physician, 1946-1973; head of section, gastroenterology and internal medicine, Mayo Clinic, 1966-1970.

CATER, S. DOUGLASS. Educator, author and editor; Special Assistant to the President, 1964-1968.

CARPENTER, ELIZABETH Journalist, 1945-1960; Lyndon Johnson's Vice Presidential campaign staff, 1961; Administrative Assistant to Vice President Johnson, acting as speech writer and media adviser, 1961-1963; Press Secretary and Staff director to First Lady Lady Bird Johnson, 1963-1969; founder of the National Women's Political Caucus, 1970; co-chair of ERAmerica, 1975; Assistant Secretary of Education for Public Affairs under Jimmy Carter, 1979-1980.

CATER, S. DOUGLASS. Educator, author and editor; Special Assistant to the President, 1964-1968.

CHANCELLOR, JOHN. Television news journalist; Host, NBC's Today Show, 1961-1962; NBC's Chief White House Correspondent, 1964-1965; Director, Voice of America, 1965-1967; Anchorman, NBC Nightly News, 1970-1982.

CHIARODO, MARIE FEHMER. Secretary to Vice President Johnson, 1962-1963; Secretary to the President, 1963-1969.

CHUDARS, JAMES E. Pilot of Sikorsky helicopter during Lyndon Johnson's 1948 campaign.

CLARK, RAMSEY. U.S. Assistant Attorney General, 1961-1965; U.S. Deputy Attorney General, 1965-1966; U.S. Acting Attorney General, 1966-1967; U.S. Attorney General, 1967-1969.

CLARK, TOM. U.S. Attorney General, 1945-1949; Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court, 1949-1967.

CLEMENTS, EARLE C. U.S. Senator, Kentucky, 1945-1948, 1950-1957; Governor, Kentucky 1948-November 1950; Democratic Senate Whip 1953-1957; Director, United States Senate Democratic Campaign Committee 1957-1959

CLIFFORD, CLARK M. Special Counsel to the President, 1946-1950; Senior Partner, Clifford & Miller, 1950-1968; President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board, member, 1961-1968, Chairman, 1963-1968; Secretary of Defense, March 1968-January 1969; Senior Partner, Clifford & Warnke, 1969-1991.

COLBY, WILLIAM E. First Secretary, American Embassy, Saigon, South Vietnam, 1959- 1962; Chief, Far East Division, CIA, 1962-1967; Director, Civil Operations and Revolutionary Development Support, South Vietnam, 1968-1971; Executive Director, CIA, 1971-1972; Deputy Director of Operations, CIA; 1973; Director of Central Intelligence, 1973-1976.

CONNALLY, JOHN. Secretary to LBJ, 1939-1941; President, General Manager and attorney for KVET radio station in Austin, 1946; Administrative Assistant to LBJ 1949; Secretary of the Navy, 1961; Governor of Texas, 1963-1968.

DAVIS, GEORGE R. Minister, Christian Church; Pastor, National City Christian Church, Washington, D. C.; personal friend of President Johnson.

DeLOACH, CARTHA D."DEKE." Assistant to the Director, FBI, 1965-1970.

DIRKSEN, EVERETT McKINLEY. Senator, Illinois, 1951-1969; Senate Minority Leader, 1959-1969.

EASTLAND, JAMES O. U.S. Senator, Mississippi, 1943-1979; Chairman, Senate Committee on the Judiciary, 1955-1979.

EVERS, CHARLES. Field Secretary, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 1963-1969; Mayor, Fayette, Mississippi, 1969-1981, 1985-1989.

FARMER, JAMES. A founder and first National Chairman, Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), 1942; National Chairman, CORE, 1942-1944, 1950, National Director, 1961-1966; Program Director, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 1959-1961; President, Center for Community Action Education, 1965-; Assistant Secretary of Administration, U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, 1969-1970.

FISHER, ADRIAN. Deputy Director, U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, 1961-1969.

FORTAS, ABE. Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court, 1965-1969; long-time friend and adviser to LBJ.

FOSTER, JOHN S., JR. Physicist; Director, Defense Research and Engineering, Department of Defense, 1965-1969.

FRANCIS, SHARON. Special Assistant to the Secretary of the Interior, 1961-1965; Staff Assistant for Beautification, Mrs. Johnson's staff, 1965-1969.

FRANTZ, JOE B. History Professor, University of Texas at Austin, 1949-1986; Director, LBJ Oral History Project, 1967-1974; History Professor, Corpus Christi State University, 1986-1993.

FREEMAN, ORVILLE. Governor of Minnesota, 1955-1961; Secretary of Agriculture, 1961-1969.

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G-L

 

GILPATRIC, ROSWELL L. Deputy Secretary of Defense, 1961-1964; Chairman, Task Force on Nuclear Proliferation, 1964.

GOLDBERG, ARTHUR J. Secretary of Labor, 1961-1962; Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court, 1962-1965 ; U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, 1965-1968.

GORDON, LINCOLN. U.S Ambassador to Brazil, 1961-1966; Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs, 1966-1967; President, Johns Hopkins University, 1967-1971.

GRAHAM, BILLY. Evangelist; ordained to ministry, Southern Baptist Convention; personal friend of President Johnson.

HEBERT, F. EDWARD. U.S. Congressman, Louisiana, 1941-1977. Member, House Naval Affairs Committee, 1943-1946 ; Member, House Armed Services Committee, 1947-1977.

HENRY, AARON E. President, Mississippi Conference of Branches of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 1960-1993; President, Council of Federated Organizations, Mississippi, 1962-1965; Chairman, Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) delegation to the 1964 Democratic National Convention which challenged the seating of the regular Mississippi delegation; Member, Mississippi House of Representatives, 1980-1995.

HIGGINBOTHAM, A. LEON, JR. Commissioner, Federal Trade Commission, 1962-1964; Judge, U.S. District Court, Eastern District, Pennsylvania, 1964-1977; Vice Chairman, National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence, 1968-1969; Judge, U.S. District Court, Virgin Islands, 1969; Judge, U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, 3rd Circuit, 1977-1993.

HORNIG, DONALD F. Director, Office of Science and Technology, Executive Office of the President, 1964-1969.

HUGHES, SARAH T. Judge, U.S. District Court, North District, Texas, 1961-1985; administered oath of office as President to Lyndon Baines Johnson on November 22, 1963, in Dallas, Texas.

HUMPHREY, HUBERT H., JR. U.S. Senator, Minnesota, 1949-65, 1971-1978; Vice President of the United States, 1965-1969.

IKARD, FRANK. U.S. Congressman, Texas, 1951-1961; American Petroleum Institute, Vice President, 1961-1963, President, 1963-1979.

JOHNSON, CLAUDIA "LADY BIRD". 2/22/1912-7/11/2007; wife of Lyndon B. Johnson 1934-1973; owner, KTBC radio and television stations 1943-1973; member of the Senate Ladies Club; wife of Vice President Lyndon Baines Johnson 1961-1963; First Lady of the United States 1963-1969; honorary chairman, Head Start 1965-1969; advocate for beautification and environmental issues; University of Texas System Board of Regents 1971-1977; Medal of Freedom 1977; Congressional Gold Medal 1988; founder, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center; author.

JORDAN, BARBARA. First female black senator elected to the Texas State Senate; State Senator, Texas Senate, 1966-1972; U.S. Congresswoman, Texas, 1973-1978.

KATZENBACH, NICHOLAS deB. Assistant Attorney General, 1961-1962; Deputy Attorney General, 1962-1964; Acting and later U.S. Attorney General, 1964-1966; Under Secretary of State, 1966-1969.

KRIM, ARTHUR B. Chairman, United Artists Corporation, 1951-1978; Founder and Chairman, Orion Pictures, 1978-1994; Chairman, President's Club, 1962-1968 ; Finance Chairman, Democratic National Finance Committee, 1966-1968; Board Member, Lyndon Baines Johnson Foundation, 1969-1994.

KUCHEL, THOMAS H. U.S. Senator, California, 1953-1969; Senate Republican Whip 1959-1969.

LEVINSON, LAWRENCE E. Attorney; Counsel in the Offices of Secretary of the Air Force, 1957-1963; Special Assignments, Office of the Secretary of Defense, 1963-1965; Deputy Special Counsel to the President, 1965-1968.

LEINSDORF, ERICH. Orchestra conductor; Music Director, Boston Symphony Orchestra, 1962-1969; Austrian refugee aided by Lyndon Johnson in 1938.

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M-P

 

MALECHEK SCOTT, JEWELL. Long time friend of the Johnsons; Secretary to LBJ, 1969-1973.

MANN, THOMAS C. U.S. Ambassador to Mexico, 1961-1963; Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs, 1963-1965; Undersecretary of State for Economic Affairs, 1965- 1966.

MARSHALL, BURKE. U. S. Assistant Attorney General, Civil Rights Division, Department of Justice, 1961-1965; Chairman, National Advisory Commission on Selective Service, 1966-1967.

MARSHALL, THURGOOD. Special Counsel, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 1938-1950; Director and Counsel, Legal Defense and Educational Fund, NAACP, 1940-1961; U.S. Circuit Judge for 2d Judicial Circuit, 1961-1965; U.S. Solicitor General, 1965-1967; Justice, U.S. Supreme Court, 1967-1991.

MARTIN, LOUIS. Newspaper executive; Deputy Chairman, Democratic National Committee, 1961-1969.

MASHMAN, JOE E. Pilot of Bell helicopter in Lyndon Johnson's 1948 campaign; long-time friend of President Johnson.

McNAMARA, ROBERT S. Secretary of Defense, 1961-1968; President, World Bank, 1968-1981.

McPHERSON, HARRY C., JR. Assistant General Counsel, Senate Democratic Policy Committee, 1956-1959; Associate Counsel, 1959-1961; General Counsel, 1961-1963; Deputy Under Secretary of the Army for International Affairs, 1963-1964; Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs, 1964-1965; Special Assistant and Counsel to the President, 1965-1966; Special Counsel to the President, 1966-1969.

MILLS, WILBUR D. U.S. Congressman, Arkansas, 1939-1977; Chairman, House Ways and Means Committee, 1958-1974.

MITCHELL, CLARENCE M., JR. Director, Washington Bureau, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 1950-1978.

O'BRIEN, LAWRENCE F. Director, John F. Kennedy for President Campaign, 1959-1960; Special Assistant to the President for Congressional Relations, 1961-1965; Postmaster General, 1965-1968; Chairman, Democratic National Committee, 1968, 1970-72; Commissioner, National Basketball Association, 1975-1984.

PEARSON, DREW. Newspaper correspondent and columnist; author of the nationally syndicated newspaper column, "The Washington Merry-Go-Round," 1932-1969.

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R-T

 

RANDOLPH, A. PHILIP. Organizer, Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, 1925; President, Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, 1929-1968.

READ, BENJAMIN H. Legislative Assistant to U.S. Senator Joseph Clark of Pennsylvania, 1958-1963; Special Assistant to the Secretary of State and Executive Secretary of the Department of State, 1963-1969.

REEDY, GEORGE. Staff consultant, Armed Services Preparedness Subcommittee, U.S. Senate, 1951-1952; Staff Director, Minority Policy Committee, 1953-1954; Staff Director, Majority Policy Committee, 1955-1960; Special Assistant Vice President Johnson, 1961-1963; Press Secretary for President Johnson, 1964-1966; White House Aide, 1968.

ROSENBLATT, PETER. Attorney; Deputy Assistant General Counsel, Agency for International Development, 1966; White House staff, 1966-1968; U.S. Post Office Department, 1968-1969.

ROSTOW, WALT W. Chariman, State Department Policy Planning Council, December 1961-April 1966; Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, April 1966-January 1969.

RUSK, DEAN. Secretary of State, 1961-1969.

SCHNEIDER, WUNIBALD W. Roman Catholic priest; Pastor, St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church, Stonewall, Texas; personal friend of President Johnson.

SMITH, BROMLEY.  Executive Secretary, National Security Council, 1961-69.

TERRITO, DOROTHY. Library of Congress employee; White House Staff Assistant to President Johnson, 1963-1969; White House Special Projects, 1968; Special Assistant to the Director, LBJ Library and Museum, 1970-1976; LBJ Foundation consultant, 1976-1990.

THOMAS, HELEN. Journalist; White House Press reporter, 1961-present; first woman to be White House Bureau Chief for a news wire service.

THOMAS, MRS. ALBERT (LERA). U.S. Congresswoman, Texas, March 26, 1966 to January 3, 1967; elected to Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Albert Thomas, who served from 1937 to 1966.

TOWER, JOHN G. U.S. Senator, Texas 1961-1985.

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U-Z

 

UDALL, STEWART L. U.S. Congressman, Arizona, 1955-1960; Secretary of the Interior, 1961-1969.

VANCE, CYRUS R. Special Counsel to the Preparedness Investigating Subcommittee, Senate Armed Services Committee, 1957-1960; General Counsel, Department of Defense, 1961-1962; Secretary of the Army, 1962-1963; Deputy Secretary of Defense, 1964-1967; President Johnson's representative in Detroit, Michigan, during the Detroit Riots, 1967; Special Representative of the President to Cyprus, 1967, to Korea, 1968; U.S. Negotiator, Paris Peace Talks on Vietnam, 1968-1969.

WARREN, EARL. Chief Justice of the United States, 1953-1969; Chairman, President's Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy (Warren Commission), 1963-1964.

WASSERMAN, LEW. President of MCA/Universal Studios 1946-1995; Universal Studios Chairman Emeritus, 1995-1998; Universal Studios Consultant, 1995-2002.

WEBB, JAMES E. Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 1961-1968.

WHITE, WILLIAM S. Reporter, New York Times, 1945-1958; nationally syndicated columnist, 1958-73; awarded Pulitzer Prize in 1955 for The Taft Story, a biography of Robert Taft; author of Citadel: The Story of the U.S. Senate, 1956; author of The Professional: Lyndon B. Johnson, 1964.

WILKINS, ROY. Executive Secretary, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 1955-1964; Executive Director, NAACP, 1965-1977.

YOUNG, ANDREW J., JR. Staff, Southern Christian Leadership Conference(SCLC), 1961-70; appointed Executive Director, SCLS,1964; appointed Executive Vice President, SCLC,1967; Chairman, Atlanta Community Relations Commission, 1970-1972; Congressman, 5th District of Georgia, 1973-1977; U.S. Ambassador to United Nations, 1977-1979; Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia, 1982-1989.

YOUNG, WHITNEY M., JR. Executive Director, National Urban League, New York City, 1961-1971.

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Last Updated June 7, 2006