Weapons Against Poverty
VISTA (Volunteers in Service to America) - Provided an
opportunity for individuals, 18 and over, to join the War
on Poverty. Volunteers would work with migrant laborers, on
Indian reservations in urban and rural community action programs,
in slum areas, hospitals, schools and in institutions for
the mentally ill and retarded.
Child Nutrition Act of 1966 - This was
an anti-hunger program started by President Johnson as part
of his "War on Poverty". It created the special milk and school
National School Lunch Act of 1968 - This
act extended the school lunch program to include children
who participated in "service institutions".
Community Action Programs of 1965 (CAP)
- Under these programs the government was to provide both
financial and technical assistance for locally designed and
operated programs. Funds could be used for trips for slum
children, remedial reading, job counseling, day care services
Migrant Assistance - The act authorized
$35 million for loans and grants in 1965 for development of
programs to aid migrant workers in housing, sanitation, education,
and day care of children. (Congress and the Nation/Vol. II/1965-68).
Indian Reservation Programs - Health,
educational and job training programs are typical components
of Indian projects. As a component of the Community Action
Program, projects for Indians were established on 31 reservations
housing 60,000 for America's Indians during the year of 1965.
Legal Services (1965) - This program
provided (1) legal representation for the poor, (2) research
into the legal problems of poverty, (3) education of the disadvantaged
about legal rights and responsibilities, and (4) advocacy
of improvements in the law affecting the poor.
Small Business Loans - Title IV authorized
the Director to make 15-year repayable loans to establish
or strengthen small businesses and help them to employ the
Rural Loans - The Office of Economic
Opportunity Director was authorized to make 15-year loans
of up to $2,500 to low-income rural families who could not
get credit elsewhere.